An urbanist’s Avedøre

Avedøre (sheet | history | kommuneplan | 1961 article | Historien i gaden | KBH Billeder):

Includes the old village of Avedøre; bordered to the east by Avedøre Havnevej, to the north by the Holbækmotorvej, to the west and south by Motorring 3; Avedøre Flyveplads and four houses are west of the motorway. A weird combo of open landscape in the west, detached houses to the east and a planned development south of the S tog. At 16K accounts for 30% of Hvidovre’s population.

  • 1660: reports of a kro on the first Køgevej, which ran through Avedøre at Stavnsbjergvej (extension of Kettevej x)
  • 1900s: area of market gardens; now allotment gardens, closed for half the year; former gartnerier: Stormly (Byvej 39), Rosmosegård (Brostykkevej 182) and Gungehus; sole remaining is Klarskovs Gartneri (Byvej 62)
  • 1962 OR 1974 (think the latter): transferred to Hvidovre from Glostrup NB Grænsevej, west of Avedøre Havnevej
  • not well integrated with the rest of the kommune with few road connections
  • contrast between tower blocks and the old village; an edgeland, never far from the roar of the motorway; feels half finished because it is – never reached planned volume/density
  • Avedøre Havnevej: (when laid? completed 1982) a Berlin Wall between Hvidovre and Avedøre with no through traffic from Grenhusene down to Brostykkevej
  • writers: Aydin Soei: Forsoning (2016), set in Avedøre where he was brought up
  • farms: Damgården (again, with Højgård)

A-z:

  • Avedøre Batteri (1892) – 800m west of Vestvolden, demolished in 1920, with the first houses built on the ground in 1925; traces remain – still surrounded by a ditch
  • Avedøre Flyveplads (1917) – at GKL 580 the far side of the Amager motorway at the top of Stamholmen; listed at level 1; pic
  • Avedørelejre: pic
  • Avedøre Stationsby (1972-82; FB & FB2):
    • planned by Glostrup Kommune; built as a fæstningsby; within the four storey walls there are houses, schools and a church (inspired by Dubrovnik); 16 mins to CPH
    • a symbol of modernism’s bomaskiner, life from cradle to grave
    • no productionsvirksomheder in the ‘by‘- it was thought that people would either work at Avedøre Holme qv, a 10 minute drive away, or take the S tog into CPH
    • instead the nature of the population shifted, meaning that Stationsbyen ended up on the Ghetto list; turned round by kvarterløft, sociale indsatser and restricting who moved in
    • Kierkegaard 2013 offered Jagten på det almindelige menneske bringing participants closer to life in the suburbs by challenging ideas and prejudices about everyday life there; combining Kierkegaard’s concept of the spidsborger with city planners’ big ideas of the good life, giving an insight into who lives in the suburbs and how life there plays out in comparison the the planners’ original ideas
    • circumambulation!
    • 70 hectares, c2500 properties made up of three elements:
      • tæt-lave gårdhavebebyggelse inside the wall, with rillede betonfacader
      • Bymuren (1974, 4): 2.5km long, more than 1000 properties
      • a bånd of institutions down the centre
      • Store Hus (1977): 40th anniversary: the book | 1979 April Fool | 1986 (pre-renovation) | more; 464 flats cf 8-tallet; 12 storeys inspired by Le Corbusier | average income 15% higher than in rest of kommune
    • Lille Sky/Tumlehuset – first new børnehave since 2003 by RUBOW Arkitekter opening on Cirkusgrunden (story | again | name change | again); latest: delayed until Feb 2018
  • Belægningen
  • church: 1977? | pic
  • farms: pic |  Skelgården
  • Filmbyen: the mural on the ceiling of Den Sorte Diamant’s Kirkebybroen was constructed in a gym hall here
  • haveforeninger:
  • Mågeparken – moon landscape/prairie and rare fredskov/forest reserve in the kommune, created with soil from the construction of Amager motorway; great views of Avedøreværket; at the far end are some remains from CPH’s befæstning (voldgrav and krudtmaskiner), also several artificial water holes (vandhuller), home to Sjælland’s only grønbrogede tudser; marks the end of Hvidovre’s Planetsti
  • path: from Brøndby Havn along the dike and all the way round; actually half the area is ‘nature’
  • roads:
    • Byvej (1760 map): old road, extended in the late 1950s to ?Hvidovre
    • Tårnfalkevej: previously Holmevej, the main road over the wetlands to Store Holm; in the 1970s there was a barakby here for gastarbejdere from Yugoslavia
  • station: opened by the queen in September 1972
  • transport: the 500S bus connects Vestegnen and Ørestad (ish); post
  • Vestvolden: exhibition (again) | old pic | again | again
  • vinyard (grape picking, 2013)

Avedøre Holme

  • Flickr | Forstadsmuseet | kommuneplan | website | pics & more & again
  • Bøje Nielsen’s kontorhus
  • http://vandrefuglen.blogspot.dk/2013/09/vallensbk-dybblsbro.html
  • the last large scale planning in DK
  • Denmark’s biggest industrial zone (475 hectares) established 1957-66, surrounded by dykes/dæmninger to three sides, partly under sea level – and a fifth of the area of the kommune
  • the building process provided work for many, including workers from Jylland and Fyn, who were housed in a skurvognsby (huts)
  • 1964 saw the key turned by Jens Otto Krag on the digger
  • the 1973 oil crisis put a stop to the building boom and meant only 16K jobs were created on Avedøre Holme instead of the projected 30K; DK as a trad industrial nation was over
  • today, home to more than 350 companies giving employment to 8K, one of northern Europe’s biggest industrial estates close to an airport and motorways; inc Center Syd – identity as a business park, only semi-public (see Edgeland spots); classic edgelands industry – dealing with rubbish
  • the windmills create enough el for 1000 houses

Buildings/companies:

  • Avedøreværket – chimney (150m) of Avedøre Fjernvarmecentral painted by local artist Johnny Oehlenschlæger (1989); Alexander Philip Wiper’s photosKælkebakke (Brøndby?, 2014) by Christian Schmidt Rasmussen, glimpsed on the horizon cf Bella Sky
  • CPH Business Park (1981) – Bøje Nielsen’s kontorhus, 300m long, for a time DK’s longest office building
  • Renseanlæg – biggest in the land: others at Lynetten and Damhusåen: sewage treatment – the industry of the edgelands
  • TEC Hvidovre – Stamholmen 195-215; ie secondary modern, at the back of beyond
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