An urbanist’s Hvidovre

New! six klistermærkere starting at Strandmarksvej nr 31/33, dvs Hvidovrebo afd. 6; six more at Brøndbyøster Torv, not to be found as yet…

Stuff:

  • on the Danish Monopoly board; the south CPH equivalent of Gentofte; very much the edge of somewhere else
  • what proportion of pop actually works in Hvidovre; commuting issues?
  • 40% social housing vs CPH’s 20% (moved from a social city to neoliberalism); most outdated and too small; need more tæthed esp round stations – Åmarken! – which has enough population around it to support businesses; more creatives/innovative types, some in Præstemosen area, or how about shared office space for creatives at Risbjerggård rather than concentrating on foreningsliv which is very indadvendt, old school; Filmbyen successful, how about a gourmet mecca at Avedøre Holme?; not so much kommunal led, perhaps, the temporary activities and consultation don’t feel genuine, rather political gestures
  • much of Italiensk for Begyndere (2000) was filmed locally
  • 2018 focus on sustainable development in the suburb as part of the development of a boligpolitik for Hvidovre; see Forstædernes Tænketank’s 10 recommendations (2012)

A-z:

  • architects/housebuilders:
    • Erik Marius Carlsen: local joiner, later architect cum byggeentreprenør; shaped a considerable part of the development of Hvidovre between the wars ; examples: Vigerslevs Alle 360
    • Johan
    • Christensen: today | pics | examples: Torndalsvej 7 (Avedøre)
    • Ole Hagen: Rebæk Søpark
    • Arne Jacobsen: Brostykkevej 23
    • Ramild Jørgensen: Greve Alle 58; built around 150 houses in Hvidovre
    • Svenn Eske Kristensen in Hvidovre (2010; download w/o pics; in lib at 99.4 in the Lokalsamling, with a further copy in the Magasin); see also Danish architects
    • Helge Schønnemann: Hvidovre Rådhus, Risbjerg Kirke, Risbjerg Kirkegård , Dansborgskolen, Langhøjskolen, Hvidovre Sygekasse (Høvedstensvej); wife Kirsten, son Uffe
    • Andreas Thejll: Bytoften 29 (1902)
  • art: random paintingsKalveboderne
  • artists:
    • Christian Hansen: lives at Risbjerggårds Alle 22, 2018 exhibition; udsmykninger (murals etc) in several local schools, plus on the facade of the tennis court building and the entrance to the restaurant in the stadium; portrait of Britta Christensen
    • Victor Johansen (1888-1967): lived on Strandvangsvej from 1924 until his death; many watercolours of birds on Kalveboderne, also portraits in oil; paintings left to Forstadsmuseet
    • HP Pedersen-Dan (1859-1939): lived in Rytterskole 1912-36 and is buried in the churchyard; see En Moder (1903; Ugens skulptur | plaque) in the garden; also responsible for the Carlsberg elephants, Holger Dansker in Kronborg, Den lille hornblæser
  • beach (2012): now Hvidovre Strandpark (2017; review); Hvidovre Søbad (1928-4?)
  • BBR informationer: 2650
  • bevaringsværdige bygninger
  • burial mounds and other relics: Langhøj (and more) | Simonshøj
    • 1954: skeleton from the early Middle Ages found on Strandvangsvej
    • 1967: flint from the Mesolithic period found on Bau/vnevej
  • buses (pics)
  • bymidte (town centre):
    • landsby
    • Hvidovre Torv (1952; pic | again): a 127m cast iron ornamental railing 1956) around the square tells the story of Hvidovre, but it doesn’t really work as a central public space – the idea was that a forstad could become a købstad but the station and town hall are located elsewhere (last renovated 2004)
    • ahem…
  • celebs:
    • Vicki Berlin: house near Rebæk Søpark
    • Amin Jensen: GKL 543
    • Birthe Kjær: lived at Grønholtvej 31 (converted water tower) 1974-92
    • Jens Harder Højbjerg and Rushy Rashid (of Mit pakistanske køkken fame); live at Vestkærs Alle 22
    • Kim Larsen: worked at Dr Ellums Villa, GKL 276) around 1970; studio at Avedore Holme? (FB | story); moved/expanded to Danalund Ungdomshus (Bavnevej 5A) in 1972
    • Jens Nielsen: arsonist; last execution in DK in peacetime, 1892; see Poul Duedahl’s Ondskabens øjne (2016)
    • Peter the Great (Zarens krobesøg | again): left a lot of unpaid bills at Hvidovre kro in 1716
    • Stig Rossen: lived at GKL 281a, 1. th (Beringparken), went to Dansborgskolen; moved to Kolding aged 11
  • churches and graveyards:
    • Hvidovre Kirke (1150/1790)
    • Broholm Kirke (1933): Baptist; bought by Sct. Andreas Ordenen (freemasons) in 2012
    • Risbjerg Kirke: in what used to be an empty space; used Broholm Kirke until it was built (when?; FB)
    • Risbjerg Kirkegård (1965/2002); chapel by Helge Schonnemann (1976)
    • Strandmarkskirken (1968) – by Johannes Frid & Bent A Jørgensen; replaced a wooden barrack placed on the spot in 1949 from Oksbøllejren; locally listed at level 3 (one | two | three | four | five | six | seven)
  • conservation areas: Kystagerparken, Lodsparken and Strandengen | Vestvolden
  • council:
    1. culture: Kulturarvskommune 2006 | På sporet af forstadens velfærdsdrømme : kulturarvskommune Hvidovre (2008; in lib at 71.956, two copies in the Lokalsamling and one in the Magasin)
    2. green areas | nature
    3. kolonierne  (holiday homes; again): Skødshoved
    4. solceller (solar power)
    5. English (aimed at inward investment; no other languages)
  • farms: bar Risbjerggård most pulled down, although a handful more are still extant in Avedøre qv; traces of Skelgården, Bredal, Svendebjerg (see below), Hvidovre, Eriksminde, Baunebakke, Stens remain (see 1903 map); the Frie Gård (Friheden | again | again), Dansborg
  • floods: 1872 | 1932 | 2017
  • Forstadsmuseet (FB | Instagram): history | 52 stories (1997) | publicationsvids
  • gadekær (village pond): Avedøre; Hvidovre’s was on Toft Sørensens Vænge (pic); Rebæk Søpark
  • hospital: new art (again | again p11) by Ruth Campau
  • housing:
    • historic (inc a toll house at Flaskekroen, on GKL)
    • up to 1924 | up to 1994 | 1950s | houses 1950-69 (3306?)
    • 13.000 boliger fra 1945 til 1960
    • HvidovreBo | Boligselskabet Friheden (KAB) | Lejerbo | Bo Bedre’s typehusbog
    • Lysthusbeboerne: en forstad fødes (1988)
    • kollegier: Rebæk Søpark
    • koloniehaver/haveforeninger (pics): Præstemosen sole remaining area
      • HF Rosenhøj!
    • 41.4% of Hvidovre’s nearly 24K homes are privately owned, inc 6891 detached houses, 3039 semis or terraced houses and 13,277 flats
    •  social:
      • Danalund (1950) – by  Gunnar Nyberg and Thorvald Dreyer: founded by Bryggeriarbejdernes Fagforening and built in conjunction with Arbejderbo, early example of social housing built when materials were short
      • Strandbyparken (1950) –  two-storey development made up of 93 homes
      • HvidovreBo afd 2 (1952) – by E Johansen
      • HvidovreBo afd 4 (1957) – by Mogens Jacobsen and Alex Poulsen; notable for innovative use of aerated concrete (Forstadsmuseet)
      • HvidovreBo afd 6 (Svenn Eske city; leaflet | Strandhavevej) – path running from Strandmarksvej to the harbour
        • garages where path crosses Bavnevej
        • 106A: the original Børnehus, now Trivselshus
        • 140-150: at this block turn left and walk to Strandhavevej; on the left are the development’s fællesvaskeri and varmecentral
        • the end of the path is marked by a gate indicating that you are entering a trafficked area
      • HvidovreBo afd 7 (Papegøjehusene) – built before afd 6 as a trial run
      • Svendebjergvej – by Mogens Jacobsen and Alex Poulsen, best known for Panoptikonbygningen
      • Lille Friheden (2003) – by Arkitema
      • system built:
      • tower blocks: Friheden VI (1967) | Rebæk Søpark, Store Hus (Avedøre)
  • inns: Flaskekroen (- 1961; again | again); from 1915-20 the place you went to buy a koloniehave in Hvidovre | Frihedskroen (pics) & chemist (apotek) = Q8 | Stjernerkro (GKL 316)
  • library: pic and story
  • listed buildings: SAVE-registering (Greta Pontoppidan)
  • local paper: Hvidovre Avis (history)
  • Lokal Historiske Selskab: medlemsblade
  • lost rivers:
  • maps:
  • mosque: Nusrat Djahan Moskéen (1967; visited once by Cassius Clay | 50th anniversary)
  • parks and green areas:
    • in a sort of hoof around the kommune; Strandengen, Mågeparken, Vestvolden, Rebæk Søpark, Valbyparken and Vigerslevparken…
    • Parkbaeltet Haarestrup A to Vestvolden (proposed 1936): via Holmegarden, Rebaek So and Brondbyoster Landsby
    • Rebæk Søpark | Kystagerparken | Lodsparken (pic & possible painting) & Strandparken | Strandengen (Fåre/Kogræsserforeningen; used by local farmers for centuries for summer grazing and hunting (swans, really?))
  • paths: new signs (2016-17) | again
  • placenames:
  • planning:
  • postcards (1965 example) | poster
  • public art: Frihedens Port (1982) | Ib Braun (born in Hvidovre) Stræben at Strandmarkskirken? | Hængebugsvin (1984, by Arne Ranslet) at Langhøjskolen
  • railways:
    • Ringstedbanen: new high speed railway; further blight (nearest station?); the old road from Vigerslev to Avedøre was blocked in two places for several years right in the centre of Hvidovre, to allow a 267m diagonal tunnel housing the railway to be constructed under the motorway, which here runs parallel to the road for a brief stretch; taking a chunk out of Avedøre Slettevej in the process (pics)
    • Roskildebanen (1847)
  • roads (362 roads/168km):
    • Avedøre Havnevej: laid between 1979 and 1981, to link to Kalvebodbroerne and the new motorway
      • a Berlin Wall between Hvidove and Avedøre; further north marks the border between Hvidovre and Brøndby, making streets such as Brøndbyskel and Vesterskel redundant
      • sound screens added south of GKL due to residents’ protests
    • Gammel Køge Landevej: 2nd road to be built in the kommune in its ‘new’ guise; today synonymous with car traffic, with the Køge bus discontinued a couple of years ago
    • Holbækmotorvej (21; 1963): feeds into the O2 ring road as Folehaven at its junction with Vigerslevvej; offering blight to inter alia Allingvej
    • Hvidovregade: oldest street in the kommune
    • Hvidovrevej: runs from the fleshpots of Damhuskroen nearly to the sea, a 4.3km road drawn with a ruler; built in stages from 1926 from the blood, sweat and tears of local labourers, finally completed in 1942 at a cost of 1.1 million kroner; originally with ditches to either side, drains and curbs added in the late 1930s:
      • first stretch: Hvidovregade to Præstemosen, built as vejen bag om byen, a bypass to the west of the old landsby replacing Hvidovregade with the intention of taking traffic out of the village
      • next stretch: Præstemosen to Kettevej
      • then Rødovre Skel to Hvidovregade begun in 1938
      • last big stretch: Kettevej to Gammel Køge Landevej, completed in 1942
      • hugs Harrestrup Å at the top, running relatively close as far as Hvidovre Station, from where it diverges, finishing up a good walk away
      • German troops marched down Hvidovrevej on 9 April 1940
    • Køgevej: shortly after CPH became the capital of Denmark in the 15th century a road was built between the capital and Køge, a so-called alvej or kongevej which ran through Avedøre at Stavnsbjergvej (extension of Kettevej); the exact route is not known, but there are reports of a kro in Brøndbyvester in 1682, as well as one in Avedøre in 1660; once the most important road in DK
    • Landlystvej: old path from Vigerslev village to Hvidovre Kirke; offers the only motor access across Harrestrup Å
    • Vigerslev Alle (old pic): another old road to the next-door village
  • schools
    • Rytterskole (1722)
    • Dansborgskolen (1960)
    • Enghøjskolen (Avedøre: closed?)
    • Engstrandskolen (1978)
    • Hvidovre Gymnasium (1973/4; again): by Preben Hansen and Erik Lassen, as Avedøre Statsskole, renamed 2012; “næsten halvdelen af eleverne indvandrere eller efterkommere fra ikkevestlige lande” (source)
    • Hvidovre Skole (1902): first communal building, at Bytoften 29
    • Holmegårdsskolen (1939): SF founded here in 1959; being extended
    • Langhøjskolen (1968; pics)
    • Præstemoseskolen (1955): by Hans Wilhardt (also Gungehusskolen, Risbjergsskolen…)
    • Strandmarksskolen (1933/49; pics; 1945) – closed 1977, replaced by Dansborg and Engstrand schools and now Strandmarkens Fritidscenter (more); locally listed at level 3
    • ship: Jette Jan (photos); now in St Malo
  • shops:
    • the slow death of local shopping and streetlife on Hvidovrevej, replaced shopping centres, now declining in their turn; Irma in Hvidovre (again; article in Hvidovre Avis on drive)
    • bazarbyninger: tiny shops in sheds, explains 1990s building on some stretches, eg corner of Brostykkevej
      • still standing: Pehrssons cykelværksted (Hvidovrevej 51) | Rådhusrenseriet (building from 1942)
    • the ismejeri – not a plethora of ice cream parlours, rather a pre-fridge supplier of blocks of ice
    • Bibliotekvej/Sognegårds Alle parade (pics | another) | lille købmand på Stentoftevej
    • grocer at Kløverprisvej 12 closed in 1970 (pic; see also nr 92), Aagaard closed in 1972, Søren Kudsk as late as 1977 (and Dagli Brugsen closed in 2016); tiny shop on Allingvej (late 30s)
    • Frihedens Butikcenter: opened 16 March 1967 (again)
    • Hvidovre C (formerly Stationscenter): opened 1978
    • Hvidovrehjørnet (corner of Vigerslev Alle and Hvidovrevej)
    • Hvidovrevejs Butikstorv (Kvickly and friends) – modernisation proposal, inc an 11 storey tower (34m), which would open the 1970s centre towards Hvidovrevej; needs a new roof anyway, so may as well build on it; also many empty units
    • Rebæk Søpark
    • Strandbyparken | Strandmarksvej: 1-15 & 21-23 & 27 (1956; pic) – shopping parade, locally listed at level 3 – lost some pillars??
  • small businesses: lampshade factory (Solagervej 13)
  • sommerhuse
  • sports and stadiums:
    • Frihedens Idraetscenter (1979) – inc a sports hall, a swimming pool and three rinks for ice hockey (open air until 1967; pic) and curling
    • HIF won league in 1966 (holding Real Madrid to a 2:2 draw at home in 1967; pic) | and in 1973 & 1981 | Peter Schmeichel in goal from 1984 until 1987 (pic) and owned club from 1999 to 2002
    • Hvidovre Stadion (1954/70; listed at 4) – seven hectares; tennis courts added in 2004-ish
      • Hvidovre Lys-Tårn (2000; Thorbjørn Lausten): vertical neon strips in HIF red and blue, plus green, which light up variously symbolising the course of a football match, plus a Wall of Sportsevents (dates in neon) on the stadium wall
  • stations:
    • Hvidovre: wooden platform (191019321936 | 1938; behind Aldi | 1947); first station in the 1940s, moved from Vanløse; replaced by a funkis station in 1953 (storyForstadsmuseet; old pics | 19531955 | post)
      • Vigerslevulykke: 1st accident: 1919 (vid), 40 deaths; 2nd 1953, 1 death; 3rd 1974 (pic); another in 1986??
    • Rødovre: only 1 km from Hvidovre and right on the kommune boundary
    • Friheden (1972)
  • swimming pool: Hvidovre Friluftsbad (1955?; not exactly a lido, safe from tourists and hipsters)
  • tourism: Oplev Hvidovre (kvarterer); also in English and German
  • town hall:
  • trees: Feb 2014 | June 2014 | Sep 2014 (and May 2015) | Hvidovre’s trees | Smedens pæretræ (1957 & 1978; the  smithy)
  • vids: 1959-63
  • walking: Marchforening | Vandringslose Tidende
    • Running Hvidovre routes: Linieløbet (Hvidovrevej, 8 km), Bjergetapen (Hvidovre Havn, 5,9 km), Vandløbet (Kalveboderne circuit, 14,9 km), Kirkeetapen (churches, 10,2 km) and Finalen (stadium and circuits, 3,2 km)
  • water towers: Sollentuna Allé (until HCB tower built; again) | Gronholtvej 31 | HC Bojsens Vej
  • Wikipedia
  • windmills: Hvidovre Vindmøllelaug founded in 2009, now has 2230 members; produces c12 mio. kWh annually (equivalent to the average annual electricity consumption of 10,000 people)
  • writers:
  • WW2:

Svendebjerg (Svennebjerggård; Frelsens Hærs museum!):

  • 1680s: land farmed by three farmers, Olluf Ibsen, Olle Olsen and Anders Pederszen
  • 1767: Hans Larsen bought the deeds to the land from the king
  • 1863: Hans Andersen bought deeds; wife Maren Kirstine Christiansen, children Elise Hansen and Christen Hansen (family gravestone in Hvidovre Kirkegård)
  • 1888: Christen Hansen took over farm
  • 1912: land sold to Cort Christen Pedersen
  • 1918: land bought by architect Jøgen Jørgensen, a major in the Salvation Army, and divided into plots
  • 1919: shelter for 25 unmarried and expectant mothers opened – Catherine Booth Kolonien; mothers could stay for up to a year
  • 1920: Svendebjerggård donated to the Salvation Army
  • 1925: children’s home opened, mothers could get their bairns back when they could afford it
  • 1955: new building opened in front of the old farm, which in 1973 became a children’s home and in 1988 a 25 room crisis centre/shelter offering accommodation to people in need
  • 1957: old building became Solgården kindergarten
  • 1971: Kastanjehuset, for the very small, set up
  • 2011: holiday home closed; combined kindergarten for 131 charges, equipped with chickens, pigs, rabbits, snakes(?) and other animals, as part of a nature centre open to other local kindergartens
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