Danish architects


  • Dansk arkitektur: konkurrencer 1907-68 (review) – first of two volumes on architectural competitions (“emnet viste sig dog at være så stort, at Kim Dirckinck-Holmfeld har måttet dele det op i to udgivelser” – how about hiring an editor?), runs to 250 pages, costs DK 380 but has some shoddy photos, tsk…anyway, the rules for competitions were drawn up in 1907, after accusations of unclear regulation, nepotism and unfair competition in the competitions for CPH Town Hall and Slotsholmen; the book examines cases including town centre planning, town halls, schools, hospitals and public housing – to be hunted out at the library IDC
  • Modernism in Scandinavia – book covering 1890-1970; “offers a picture of the complex reality that lies behind the label: a modernism made up of many different figures, impulses and visions”
  • bricks (from an article in Politiken, 20 Nov 2016, not online) – traditional building material in DK, seen in eg the interpretation of modernism in the 1920s and 1930s (bricks were also cheaper than concrete); also well suited to the damp Danish climate, however bricklaying is out of fashion today; due to insulation requirements brick now only used as an outside layer for prefab elements (which are cheaper)

Historicism (1850-1910)

Skønvirke  (1890-1915)

  • Thorvald Bindesbøll
  • Martin Nyrop
  • Anton Rosen
  • developed further by Peder Vilhelm Jensen Klint (1853-1930): Grundtvigskirke (1927); a founder of Bedre Byggeskik

Bedre Byggeskik (1915-40)

  • set up to encourage good craftsmanship in the building of social housing – think traditional architecture/vernacular, Arts n Crafts w a smidgeon of Garden Cities (Bolius | Bygningskultur DK | Realdania | quiz)
  • reaction against historicism (“confusing and coarse”) in favour of simplicity, harmony and quality, in particular for private houses, using local materials
  • had a set of rules and offered tegningshjælp; 50K houses built; murmestervillas are a downscaled version, simpler and more functional; c75K built
  • Vandkunsten carriers of the flame
  • Marius Pedersen (1888-1965): Holbæk
  • Bakkehusene (1921) | Grøndalsvænge (1914-28) | Studiebyen (Hellerup) | Den Sønderjyske By (FRB)
  • in Valby | on Fyn

Funkis and related

No Bauhaus in Denmark – it’s funkis!

  • Carl Harild (1868-1932): in particular works at Carlsberg
  • Edvard Heiberg (1897-1958): funkis founder and town planner; worked for Le Corbusier in Paris during 1923 and visited the Bauhaus on his way back to Copenhagen; active Communist – interned at Horserødlejren in 1941 and later fled to Sweden | Bauhaus in Denmark
    • own house (1924; vid)
    • social functionalism eg Ryparken, Bispeparken, built in traditional materials

Brick and tile (vernacular):

Pure (international):


Post-war modernism (1940s/50s)

Brutalism (1970s)

  • Ole Hagen (1913-84): Codan (1961) | Domus Vista | Falkoner Centret | Rebæk Søpark